Scraper conveyor failure type and cause analysis

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Scraper conveyor failure type and cause analysis

Scraper conveyor failure type and cause
1. Scraper damage: The squeegee damage is mostly bent and excessively worn, and a few are cracking. The main reason for this is that the chute laying does not meet the design requirements and exceeds the required bending angle; the joint at the chute interface is not good, causing local deformation of the chute; large coal or vermiculite is suddenly squeezed during operation, so that the scraper is subjected to comparison. Large impact force; when the spacing of adjacent squeegees exceeds the design requirements, the long-term operation causes the load on the squeegee to exceed the limit.
2. The scraper chain falls off on the sprocket: the scraper chain cannot be normally meshed with the sprocket, and the so-called “jumping tooth” phenomenon occurs. The main reasons for this are: the bending angle of the transition groove between the machine head and the machine head is too large; the plate in the transition groove of the machine head is not flat; the sprocket wears seriously or bites into the debris; the tightness of the two chains is inconsistent; the scraper is seriously skewed or spaced Big.
3. The scraper chain is released in the chute: the main reason is that the scraper conveyor is not flattened when it is laid, but is convexly convex and over-curved; the scraper or chute is seriously worn, so that the scraper The gap between the plate and the chute is too large; the length of the two chains is different, the force is uneven; the excessive deformation of the scraper causes the chain length of the scraper chain to be shortened; the pre-tension of the scraper chain is insufficient, and the shearer is cut to the tail of the scraper At the time, the load of the scraper chain is increased, the elongation of the chain is increased, and the chain is caused at the tail of the machine, so that the scraper is easily removed from the chute.
4. Damage to the link ring: In the current situation of the continuous improvement of the reliability of the domestic ring chain, the fatigue life of the link ring is quite different from that of the ring chain. In actual use, the link ring becomes the whole The weaker link in the scraper chain.
Its damage form is mainly fracture, which is mainly caused by: alternating pulsating load for a long time, fatigue damage occurs under water far below the breaking tension; the connecting bolt or pin loosening and falling off, cannot be replenished in time. Causes uneven force or can not be stressed; when used in the vertical ring, the unilateral wear is serious, if the sawtooth or arc tooth link is not replaced in time, it is prone to break; after the chain, it will generate a large dynamic load and The impact load, combined with the fluctuation of the speed of the scraper chain, makes the running of the scraper chain less stable, which causes the link ring to break; the manufacturing quality is poor, the standard is not met, the hardness is low, the wear is easy, or the stress concentration point occurs. It is prone to fatigue cracks, resulting in insufficient strength.